2020-08-04

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Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis)

Pyelonephritis is an infectious, inflammatory disease of the kidneys. The process often leads to kidney deformation. The causes of pyelonephritis are often infectious, as well as a violation of the outflow of urine, fluctuations in hormonal levels, and decreased immunity.

Pyelonephritis can be acute and chronic, the infection can affect only one kidney or have a bilateral character.

The main methods for the diagnosis of pyelonephritis

Kidney disorders can be detected with the help of some common tests. Blood tests and urine tests are counted as the most common exams and tests to detect pyelonephritis. In kidney bacterial infection, the people face various problems related to urination. The bladder cannot discharge urine properly and so, the patient would feel the constant need to urinate and at times, the patient is not able to urinate at all. So, urine tests are must as far as the detection of kidney infection is concerned. If vitamin B, glucose, protein, nitrates are found in the sample urine, then, it indicates the presence of bacteria or infection. PH measure, odor, color, and a specific gravity of urine are also important factors in determining the presence of infection in the urinary tract. Common exams and tests to detect kidney infection surely include certain blood tests. High levels of urea, creatinine, and dissolved salts in the blood sample are not good signs, and they imply serious kidney infection. Urine tests and blood tests are preliminary tests which are done to confirm the kidney infection. But, if the test results are alarming and if the doctors suspect chronic kidney infection or renal failure, then, the patient needs to go through some other important tests. After the confirmation of the infection, the doctors would try to understand the intensity of the ailment. Serious kidney disorders are monitored through renal ultrasound and renal biopsy. In these tests, the kidney tissues are examined minutely, and they are absolutely painless. Thus, the common exams and tests to detect kidney infection are playing a vital role in handling ailments related to kidney malfunctioning.

Signs and symptoms of pyelonephritis

In any disease or illness, it is very important that you are always aware of the signs and symptoms. When you know the symptoms of an acute kidney infection, you can easily see for yourself if ever you are experiencing one.

Usually, the signs and symptoms of pyelonephritis come into prominence all of a sudden, and some of the most determining symptoms are fever, stomach upset, pain, vomiting, low back pain, chills, and so on. One of the symptoms that you can see is when there is no urine when you try to urinate or even if there is urine it is very little. This is not a normal condition as such you have to be really careful. If the condition is serious, then, the patient would not be able to urinate properly. He or she might face the problem of the constant need to urinate as in kidney infection and diseases, the normal function of the kidney is hampered and proper excretion of urine from the bladder might get affected in the process. Sometimes, blood comes out with urine and the patient reports pain or burning sensation during urination. If the urination problem is accompanied by fever, then, the doctor usually tries to find out other signs and symptoms of kidney infection. The infected person would never be satisfied with the amount of urine that is excreted, and he would always feel the need for more urination and at times, he would not be able to urinate at all.

Effective treatments for pyelonephritis

When kidney infection symptoms occur, the most important treatment that should be done is the timely and correct initiation of antibiotics. This should be done under the strict instructions of a medical professional. When a patient is diagnosed with a kidney infection, he is most likely to be prescribed an empiric antibiotic. This type of antibiotic covers almost all kinds of bacteria known to cause kidney and other infections.

Pyelonephritis can be treated with medicines and one should be pretty serious about it as negligence can lead to a chronic kidney infection. Chronic kidney infection is definitely a serious physical condition that usually leads to severe complications like renal failure or sepsis. Treatment of kidney infection varies from one patient to another on the basis of the results of blood tests and urine tests. The treatment method is highly complication specific.

Fever, vomiting, urination problem, lower back pain are typical symptoms of kidney infection and if you are facing all these problems, then, there is nothing much to worry about. Typical symptoms indicate stable health condition and for this condition, the treatment of kidney infection is done with antibiotics. The antibiotics would control the growth of bacteria found in your urine tests. Amoxicillin, trimethoprim, quinolones, norfloxacin, nitrofurantoin and sulfamethoxazole combination are some common drugs that are prescribed for the treatment of pyelonephritis. You must let your doctors know whether you are allergic to any specific drug or the drugs which you are already taking for some other ailments. Drug selection is the most vital aspect of the treatment of kidney infection.


This article is written by Dr. Gaines W. Hammond, the urologist and a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons. All rights reserved, including the right to the public this article by Dr. Gaines W. Hammond.

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